It is native to various parts of Europe and Asia. The younger leaves are ingested in the spring as a bitter detoxifying tonic in order to eliminate from the body the traces of the strong and heavy winter food, as well as their more sedentary habits. It belongs to the family of Asteraceae and the parts of the plant used are the roots and leaves. The root has bitter constituents, such as polyphenols (phytosterols, flavonoids derived from apigenin and luteolin), inulin, mucilage and mineral salts (mainly potassium). As leaves have flavonoids, bitter constituents and mineral salts in greater quantity than in the roots. The bitter constituents are responsible for the stimulation of the appetite, the polyphenols have choleretic and diuretic properties and this action is reinforced by the salts. Inulin has a mild laxative action.
The roots, in relation to the leaves, also have choleretic activity, but less. The roots of the Dandelion are traditionally used in changes in biliary flow, stimulation of diuresis, loss of appetite and dyspepsia. The leaves are used in loss of appetite and dyspepsia
If you wish, you can find more information about Taraxac in the scientific studies and literature that we provide:
Clare BA et al. (2009). The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 15 (8): 929-934.
Modaresi M and Resalatpour N (2012). The Effect of Taraxacum officinale Hydroalcoholic Extract on Blood Cells in Mice. Advancis in Hematology Article ID 653412.
Jin YR et al. The effect of Taraxacum officinale on gastric emptying and smooth muscle motility in Rodents. Neurogastroenterology and Motility 23 (8): 766-e333.
Cunha AP, Silva AP, Roque OR (2012). Plantas e Produtos Vegetais em Fitoterapia, 4ª Edição, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian Serviço de Educação e Bolsas, 624-625.
Cunha AP, Roque OR (2011). Plantas Medicinais da Farmacopeia Portuguesa, 2ª Edição, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian Serviço de Educação e Bolsas, 625-630.
Physicians Desk Reference for Herbal Medicines (2000), 2nd Edition, Thomson Medical Economics, 245-246.
McIntyre A. (2015). Herbal Remedies for Everyday Living, Octopus Publishing Group Lda, 106.