Bush usually with 2 to 3 meters height, original from the Andean regions of Chile, with a climate close to the Mediterranean, in dry hills and with lots of sun. It is cultivated in Morocco and Italy.
It belongs to the Monimiaceae family and the parts used are the leaves.
The constituents responsible for the pharmacological action are isoquinoleic nucleus alkaloids, of which the majority is boldine, flavonoids (such as pneumoside and boldoside), tannins and essential oil.
It shows colagogue action, increases biliary secretion (which is not attributable only to alkaloids), hepatoprotective action, increases gastric secretion and mild sedative action. Anti-inflammatory and diuretic effects have also been described.
It is traditionally used in digestive disorders, hepatobiliary dysfunction, constipation, mild gastrointestinal spasms and indigestion.
Cunha AP, Silva AP, Roque OR (2012). Plantas e Produtos Vegetais em Fitoterapia, 4ª Edição, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian Serviço de Educação e Bolsas, 178-179.
Cunha AP, Roque OR (2011). Plantas Medicinais da Farmacopeia Portuguesa, 2ª Edição, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian Serviço de Educação e Bolsas, 165-169.
Physicians Desk Reference for Herbal Medicines (2000), 2nd Edition, Thomson Medical Economics, 112-113.
Domínguez M, Gómez R. Novo Guia das Plantas Medicinais, Ediclube,76.