Perennial herbaceous plant, originally from the Mediterranean regions, being one of the oldest cultivated plants and very appreciated by the ancient Greeks and Romans. It was used in the middle Ages by the Arabs mainly to treat liver and digestive problems.
It belongs to the Asteraceae family and the parts used are the basal leaves, preferably with one year old.
Its main components are phenolic compounds of which caffeilquinic acids, chlorogenic acid and cinnarine, stand out. It also has bitter sesquiterpene lactones such as cinaropicrin, in addition to luteolin-derived flavonoids.
The cynarin, aromatic acids and flavonoids are responsible for choleretic, hepatoprotective and hypocholesterolemic action. The bitter constituent has aperitive and digestive action. Reduces the blood levels of triglycerides. It has diuretic action.
It is traditionally used in digestive disorders, particularly those that the result of malfunctioning of the gallbladder and in liver diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis and liver poisoning. It is also used as a preventive of atherosclerosis, given its normalizing properties of serum lipids.
If you wish, you can find more information about the artichoke in the scientific studies and literature that we provide here:
Cunha A.P., Silva A.P., Roque O.R. (2012). Plantas e Produtos Vegetais em Fitoterapia, 4ª Edição, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian Serviço de Educação e Bolsas, 86-87.
Cunha A.P., Roque O.R. (2011). Plantas Medicinais da Farmacopeia Portuguesa, 2ª Edição, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian Serviço de Educação e Bolsas, 54-59.
Physicians Desk Reference for Herbal Medicines (2000), 2nd Edition, Thomson Medical Economics, 44-46.
McIntyre A. (2015). Herbal Remedies for Everyday Living, Octopus Publishing Group Lda, 70.